THE SOVIET TANK INDUSTRY DURING THE 1940S: FROM WAR-TIME MOBILIZATION TO RECONVERSION
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THE SOVIET TANK INDUSTRY DURING THE 1940S: FROM WAR-TIME MOBILIZATION TO RECONVERSION
Annotation
PII
S0205-96060000616-4-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
289-305
Abstract
The article focuses on the tank industry, particularly the development of the People’s Commissariat of Tank Industry and its production base, to analyze two related processes: the mobilization of the civilian industrial base for wartime production, and then its subsequent conversion for purposes of postwar economic reconstruction and development. The sources of economic mobilization came from theoretical ideas developed during the interwar period, from mobilization readiness in the 1930s to their practical realization after the outbreak of the war. By analyzing the main programs of conversion, this study finds them far less centralized and top-down than one could have expected. The entire process of conversion, reorganization of production, and development of new technologies was frequently driven by interdepartmental rivalries between various state agencies and decisions initiated by middle-level managers. The article also discusses the economic outcomes of the conversion under postwar reconstruction and the establishment of the industrial foundation of the USSR as an emergent superpower.
Keywords
war economy, industrial mobilization, conversion, reconversion, tank industry
Date of publication
01.04.2015
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0
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327
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