FROM THE HISTORY OF THE COUNCIL OF CHIEF DESIGNERS: A DOCUMENTED INVESTIGATION
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FROM THE HISTORY OF THE COUNCIL OF CHIEF DESIGNERS: A DOCUMENTED INVESTIGATION
Annotation
PII
S0205-96060000616-4-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
255-277
Abstract
Using historical documents and participants’ memoirs, the article questions some conventional assumptions regarding the organization and activities of the Council of Chief Designers, a committee that coordinated the development of missile technology and space launches in the Soviet Union. The work of the Council responded to key challenges of postwar reconstruction and development and spearheaded the establishment of a new branch of the economy: rocketry and space exploration. The author disputes the frequently held view that the origin of the Committee of Chief Designers goes back to post-1945 occupied Germany, where Soviet engineers studied the remains of the wartime German missile program. The meetings of leading designers with the goal of discussing and coordinating various aspects of the new technological system started at a somewhat later date, 1947, during the first launches at Kapustin Yar, the missile testing range in the lower Volga area. The article also discusses the origin of the Council’s name, and the division of responsibility and authority among the designers, and between their Council and the official ministries of the state.
Keywords
Council of Chief Designers, rocketry and space industry, space history
Date of publication
01.04.2015
Number of purchasers
0
Views
333
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