GAS PRODUCER AUTOMOBILES IN THE KOMI ASSR IN THE 1940S-1950S
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GAS PRODUCER AUTOMOBILES IN THE KOMI ASSR IN THE 1940S-1950S
Annotation
PII
S020596060000616-9-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Aleksandr Matsuk 
Pages
736-750
Abstract
Since the beginning of mass production of trucks (in the USSR, since the 1930s), there was a competition between two types of automobiles, those using mineral fuel (petrochemical products and natural gas: gasoline-, diesel-, and compressed-gas vehicles) and biological fuel (wood gas automobiles, in particular), both in the Soviet and in the global automotive industry. In the Soviet Union, gas producer automobiles held a dominant position in the logging industry since the 1930s. Both the trucks and the tractors of this type were produced. During the Great Patriotic War, due to objective factors, a significant amount of trucks employed not only in the logging industry but in other industries too were converted from gasoline to biofuel. In the post-war period, gas producer automobiles began to be retired. The only exception was again the logging industry where these automobiles continued to be employed till the end of the 1950s when they were replaced with diesel-powered heavier-duty trucks. Based on the archive materials, this paper explores for the first time the history of the use of gas producer automobiles in the Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Komi ASSR), a major logging region in the north of European Russia.
Keywords
gas producer automobiles, Soviet Union, Komi ASSR, logging industry, Great Patriotic War, post-war recovery of the country
Date of publication
01.10.2016
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0
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212
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