SYMMETRY AS A METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLE OF THE MODERN PHYSICAL SCIENCES
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SYMMETRY AS A METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLE OF THE MODERN PHYSICAL SCIENCES
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PII
S020596060000616-9-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
43-54
Abstract
In different historical periods, the symmetry principle played an important role in scientifi c understanding of the physical world. The paper analyses how the symmetries of the states of motion and rest, as well as other spatial symmetries, provided conceptual mechanisms for the construction of ideal objects of physical investigation. Symmetry violations, on the other hand, belonged to the experimental component of physical research and appeared when abstract idealized objects acquired empirical projections. The authors illustrate these heuristic roles of the symmetry principle with examples from the history of science from Antiquity to the present and demonstrate the effectiveness of historical methods for the philosophical analysis of the foundations of science.
Date of publication
01.04.2012
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