"UNTIL NAMED, THE OBJECT IS UNKNOWN TO US": NAMING THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE PHENOMENA
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
"UNTIL NAMED, THE OBJECT IS UNKNOWN TO US": NAMING THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE PHENOMENA
Annotation
PII
S020596060000479-8-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Vladimir Vizgin 
Pages
9-25
Abstract
The paper addresses one of the problems of a history of science study, i.e. that of the history-of-science phenomena and their naming. Science phenomena are understood as regularities in the historico-scientific development that are identified in the course of the study. These regularities are captured through naming or designation. The importance of a similar problem in fiction, first and foremost in poetry, have been many times emphasized by many remarkable poets and writers (M. A. Voloshin,D. S. Samoilov, A. A. Tarkovsky, etc.).The identified regularities (phenomena) that have been given certain names (designations) are discussed in the paper, using the material from the author’s research practice. Many of these are related to the problem of formation of fundamental physical theories such as the special and general theories of relativity, quantum mechanics, and a number of other theories (“Einstein’s Arc”, “unreasonable effectiveness” of mathematics and analytical mechanics in physics, “methodological principles of physics”, etc.). Thus, the said principles and unreasonable effectiveness are the factors that determine Einstein’s Arc that symbolizes a seemingly intuitive path to fundamental theories’ basic axioms and equations. The specific features ofA. Einstein’s theoretical thinking (“Einsteinian phenomena”) may also be relegated to this category. Two particular aspects of the development of fundamental theories are also mentioned: the first is presenting this development as gradual expansion of symmetry (“Erlangen approach”) while the second is the existence of a single Noetherian structure of these theories. We refer to F. Klein’s Erlangen Program in geometry and E. Noether’s theorem in the calculus of variations and theoretical physics.The second group of phenomena is related to the social history of physics. This is the French Revolution in physics in the early 1820s, the sociocultural aspects of the nuclear revolution in science and technology such as the “nuclear ethos”, the “nuclear cult,” etc. The scientific-school and scientific-biography approaches to the history of physics, based on the concept of scientific school (school of thought) and the assumption that the development of physics may be presented as a chronologically-organized network of scientific biographies, may also be relegated to this group.
Keywords
history-of-science phenomena and their designation, history of physics, fundamental physical theories, Einstein’s Arc, Noether’s theorem, French Revolution in physics, nuclear ethos, nuclear cult, nuclear-academic alliance, scientific-school and scientific-biography approaches
Date of publication
01.01.2017
Number of purchasers
1
Views
235
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf

To download PDF you should sign in

1

References



Additional sources and materials

1. Einstein, A. (1967) Pis'ma k M. Solovinu [Letters to Solovine], in: Einshtein, A. Sobranie nauchnykh trudov [A Collection of Scientific Works]. Moskva: Nauka, vol. 4, pp. 547-575. 
2. Goethe, J. W. Faust. Tragediia. Pervaia i vtoraia chasti [Faust. A Tragedy. Parts One and Two]. Moskva: Iskusstvo, 1962.
3. Gumiliov, N. (1988) Stikhotvoreniia i poemy [Verses and Poems]. Leningrad: Sovetskii pisatel'.
4. Kessenikh, A. V. (1988) Chur za vsekh i za sebia [For All and for Myself]. Moskva.
5. Klein, F. (1914) O geometricheskikh osnovaniiakh lorentsevoi gruppy [On the Geometric Foundations of the Lorentz Group], in: Vasil'ev, A. Novye idei v matematike. Sbornik 5: Printsip otnositelnosti v matematike [New Ideas in Mathematics. The Collection No. 5: The Principle of Relativity in Mathematics]. Sankt-Peterburg: Obrazovanie, pp. 144-174.
6. Lipkin, A. (ed.) (2015) Filosofiia nauki: uchebnik dlia magistratury. 2 izd. [Philosophy of Science: A Textbook for Magistrate. 2nd ed.]. Moskva: Iurait.
7. Lorentz, H. A. (1956) Teoriia elektronov i ee primeneniia k iavleniiam sveta i teplovogo izlucheniia [The Theory of Electrons and Its Applications to the Phenomena of Light and Radiant Heat]. Moskva: GITTL.
8. Losev, L. (2012) Stikhi [Verses]. Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatel'stvo I. Limbakha.
9. Minkowski, H. (1935) Prostranstvo i vremia [Space and Time], in: Frederiks, V. K. and Ivanenko, D. D. Printsip otnositel'nosti. Sbornik rabot klassikov reliativizma [The Principle of Relativity. A Collection of Works by the Classics of Relativism]. Moskva and Leningrad: ONTI, pp. 181-213.
10. Novikov, I. D. (2016) Chernye dyry, krotovye nory i mashiny vremeni [Black Holes, Wormholes and Time Machines], Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk, vol. 186, no. 7, pp. 790-792.
11. Ovchinnikov, N. (1996) Printsipy teoretizatsii znaniia [The Principles of the Theoretization of Knowledge]. Moskva: Agroprint.
12. Polak, L.S. (2010) Variatsionnye printsipy mekhaniki: ikh razvitie i primenenie v fizike [Variational Principles of Mechanics: Their Development and Application to Physics]. Moskva: GIFML.
13. Samoilov, D. (1989) Izbrannye proizvedeniia [Selected Works]. Moskva: Khudozhesvennaia literatura.
14. Sokolik, G. (1965) Gruppovye metody v teorii elementarnykh chastits [The Group Methods in the Theory of Elementary Particles]. Moskva: Atomizdat.
15. Tarkovskii, A. (1997) Belyi den': stikhotvoreniia i poemy [The White Day: Verses and Poems]. Moskva: Eksmo-Press, Iauza.
16. Vavilov, S. I. (2012) Dnevniki, 1909-1951 [Diaries, 1909-1951]. Moskva: Nauka.
17. Vizgin, V. P. (1972) Razvitie vzaimosviazi printsipov invariantnosti s zakonami sokhraneniia v klassicheskoi fizike [The Development of Interconnection between the Principles of Invariance and the Laws of Conservation in Classical Physics]. Moskva: Nauka.
18. Vizgin, V. P. (1975) Erlangenskaia programma i fizika [The Erlangen Program and Physics]. Moskva: Nauka.
19. Vizgin, V. P. (1981) Reliativistskaia teoriia tiagoteniia (istoki i formirovanie 1900-1915 gg.) [The Relativistic Theory of Gravitation (Origins and Formation. 1900-1915)]. Moskva: Nauka.
20. Vizgin, V. P. (1985) Edinye teorii polia v pervoi treti XX veka [The Unified Field Theories in the First Third of the 20th Century]. Moskva: Nauka.
21. Vizgin, V. P. (2006) Formirovanie nauchnogo soobshchestva otechestvennykh fizikov-atomshchikov: liudi, instituty, vedomstva [The Formation of the Scientific Community of Soviet Nuclear Physicists: People, Institutes, Agencies], Vestnik RGNF, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 123-135.
22. Vizgin, V. P. (2016) Nauchno-biograficheskie aspekty istorii otechestvennoi fiziki [Scientific-Biography Aspects of the History of Russian Physics], in: Institut istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki im. S. I. Vavilova. Godichnaia nauchnaia konferentsiia (2016) [Institute for the History of Science and Technology. Annual Scientific Conference (2016)] (in press).
23. Vizgin, V. P. and Kessenikh, A. V. (2016) Nauchno-shkolnyi podkhod k istorii otechestvennoi fiziki [Scientific-School Approach to the History of Russian Physics], Istoriia nauki i tekhniki, no. 1, pp. 3-23.
24. Vodolazkin, E. G. (2016) Dom i ostrov, ili Instrument iazyka [The Home and the Island, or the Tool of Language]. Moskva: AST.
25. Wigner, E. P. (1997) The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences, in: Wigner, E. Philosophical Reflections and Syntheses. Berlin: Springer, pp. 534-549.
26. Zheltova, E. L. I voina, i mir, i mikroby: kak roman-epopeia L. N. Tolstogo stal osnovoi sotsiologii nauki Bruno Latura [War, and Peace, and Microbes: How the Epic Novel by Leo Tolstoy Became a Foundation for Bruno Latour's Sociology of Science], NG-Nauka, December 9, 2015, no. 17 (29).