From the History of Technology
Gas producer automobiles in the Komi ASSR in the 1940 s – 1950 sMatsuk A.M.
Since the beginning of mass production of trucks (in the USSR, since the 1930s), there was a competition between two types of automobiles, those using mineral fuel (petrochemical products and natural gas: gasoline-, diesel-, and compressed-gas vehicles) and biological fuel (wood gas automobiles, in particular), both in the Soviet and in the global automotive industry. In the Soviet Union, gas producer automobiles held a dominant position in the logging industry since the 1930s. Both the trucks and the tractors of this type were produced. During the Great Patriotic War, due to objective factors, a significant amount of trucks employed not only in the logging industry but in other industries too were converted fr om gasoline to biofuel. In the post-war period, gas producer automobiles began to be retired. The only exception was again the logging industry wh ere these automobiles continued to be employed till the end of the 1950s when they were replaced with diesel-powered heavier-duty trucks. Based on the archive materials, this paper explores for the first time the history of the use of gas producer automobiles in the Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Komi ASSR), a major logging region in the north of European Russia
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ISSN 0205-9606. Индекс 70143